No two negotiations are the same: different actors, topics, cultures, power structures, and time frames combine to create unique challenges for resolving conflicts. The pages in this section explore how these factors come together to present particular challenges students can overcome using a variety of negotiation strategies and techniques in ICONS simulations. While some interstate crises require skillful negotiations under pressure to avoid war, resolving domestic and transnational conflicts that affect people's everyday lives are equally challenging in their own ways.

Explore the key concepts and ICONS simulation resources for teaching students international relations and negotiation skills across various themes.

Practicing Improves Learning Outcomes

Learn more about using ICONS simulations in your classroom: sign up for the ICONS quarterly newsletter, explore our teaching resources page, or send us a question.

ICONS Project